There are many varieties of Cannabis and even different types of seeds available.
Types of Cannabis
Land Race – These are the original cannabis seeds from various areas of the world. Uncrossed seeds are considered Land Race. It’s from these that all the hybrids and variations have been born.
Sativa – This is a type of Cannabis typically found in equatorial regions. Typically tall, longer growing season and has long narrow leaves. Typically a pure Sativa is a land race.
Indica – This is a type of Cannabis that is typically found in Asia from the Hindu Mountain range east into China an SE Asia. Typically shorter in height, shorter growing season. Typically a pure Indica is a land race.
Ruderalis – is a type of low potency Cannabis found in Eastern Europe – Russia region of the world. It is unique and good for it’s decorative and fiber production. Typically a pure Ruderalis is a land race.
Americanis – These are originally varieties bru9ght the early North American area. Typically a pure Americanis is a land race.
Hybrids – Most common varieties if Cannabis found today is a hybrid of Indica and Sativa and in some cases Ruderalis or Americanis.
These are seeds that are produced through regular male-female pollination and will produce a 50/50 split of male and female plants. When flowering you will need to remove plants that show male flowers or get seed in your cannabis crop.
Through the use of various techniques including chemicals breeders have been able to make female plants produce pollen. This pollen is totally female thus when put on a female plant produces 100% female seeds. The seeds and plants grown from these seeds do not contain chemicals used to make the seed. This is an excellent way to know you will not have to waste time with growing what turns into a male plant.
Most cannabis is Photoperiod sensitive. That means that as the number of hour of light change the plant changes. Ruderalis is a variety that can start flowering automatically. Ruderalis is a type of low potency Cannabis found in Eastern Europe – Ukraine, Hungry, Russia region of the world. It is unique and good for it’s decorative and fiber production.
Auto-flowering cannabis plants are made by crossing a Ruderalis strain with a photoperiod strain. When a Ruderalis strain is crossed with a photoperiod strain, the resulting plant will inherit the auto-flowering trait from the Ruderalis parent. This means that the plant will flower automatically, regardless of the amount of light it receives.
Auto-flowering cannabis plants are typically ready to harvest in 10-16 weeks from seed. They are also relatively small plants, which makes them well-suited for indoor growing.
Here are some of the benefits of auto-flowering cannabis plants:
- They are ready to harvest in a shorter amount of time than photoperiod strains.
- They are relatively small plants, which makes them well-suited for indoor growing.
- They are hardy plants that can tolerate a wider range of growing conditions.
Here are some of the drawbacks of auto-flowering cannabis plants:
- They may not produce as much bud as photoperiod strains.
- They may not be as potent as photoperiod strains.
- They may be more susceptible to pests and diseases.
Overall, auto-flowering cannabis plants are a good option for growers who want to harvest their plants quickly and easily. They are also a good option for growers who have limited space. They are not a good option for cloning.
The same could be done with regular seeds as well. Grow them under 24 hour light to a height of 8″ and then switch them to flowering and they will start to go into flowering mode and 8-10 weeks later you’ll have buds.